When Websites are created with accessibility in mind, they are much easier to navigate. Certain elements on the page can be used to jump to relevant sections, saving a lot of time and energy.

Headings

Information on the page can be divided into sections and given proper headings. To move to the next heading, press the letter H. Go back up through the headings by pressing Shift + H. Get a list of all the headings on the page, press Insert + F6. Arrow down through the headings, press Enter on the relevant one and it will move to that section of the page. Or press the first letter of what you are looking for to move through the list more quickly.

Links

On Web pages, in particular, information is linked from one page to the next. These links can be navigated by pressing the Tab key. Press Shift + Tab to move back through the links. Get a list of all the links on the page by pressing Insert + F7. Once in the links list, you can press the first letter of what you are looking for, or just arrow through. The links list is most effective when links are well described in the link text. If a link just says “Click here” in the links list, Tab to Move to Link and press Enter to then read around the link for more information.

Images

Pictures on the page are made accessible by putting Alternate text into the Picture properties by the page developer. You can move to pictures on a page and the screen reader will read the alternate text if it exists. You can also move from picture to picture on the page by pressing G, or Shift + G to go back to the previous picture.

Lists

Numbered and Bullet Lists are a great way of representing information and are easy to read and navigate. You can press L to jump to the next list on a page, and Shift + L to go back the start of a previous list.

Forms

Forms are a way of interacting with a page. There are many different form elements like text box, radio button etc.

When using a screen reader, to type information into an edit box (for example, a search box), you must be in Forms Mode. To do this, press E to go to the edit box and you will hear a sound to indicate forms mode or you may need to press Enter to go into forms mode depending on the screen reading software.

To move to the next form field on the page, press F.

To move to the next text box on the page, press E.

To move to the next checkbox on the page, press X.

Buttons

Buttons can be useful on pages to Submit or Reset a form. Use B to move to the next button on the page and Shift + B to move to the previous button.

Tables

Tables are used to group related information together. If the headings of the table have been defined, it is easier to understand the contents of the table with a screen reader. To move to the next table on a page, press T. Press Shift + T for the previous table.

The down arrow key will move through a table from cell to cell, left to right, top to bottom. To move around the table from where you are, press Control + Alt + Arrow keys. For example, Control + Alt + Up arrow will read the cell above the current cell.

For more information on Web accessibility go to the WebAIM site.